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— Dieter Hacker

(1942, Augsburg, DE) studied at the Akademie der Bildenden Künste München, Munich, under Ernst Geitlinger (1960–1965). 1965–1968 founding member of Effekt. 1970 moved to Berlin. 1971 opened the 7. Produzentengalerie in Berlin, which existed until 1984. From 1972 published magazines of the 7. Produzentengalerie. 1974 guest professor at the Hochschule für bildende Künste Hamburg. From 1976 publisher of Volksfoto, a journal for photography. Since 1990 professor at the Universität der Künste Berlin. He lives in Berlin, DE.
Exhib.: 1968, public eye, Kunsthaus Hamburg. 1973, Kunst im politischen Kampf, Kunstverein Hannover. 1974, Art into Society, Society into Art, Institute of Contemporary Arts, London. See also: Effekt.
Lit.: Klaus Staudt and D. H. (eds.), Drei Probleme aus dem Bereich der Informationsästhetik, Munich, 1966. D. H., Kritik des Konstruktivismus, exhib. cat., 7. Produzentengalerie, Berlin, 1972. D. H., Volksfoto, Berlin, 1972. D. H., Kunst im politischen Kampf, exhib. cat., Kunstverein Hannover, 1973. See also: Effekt.

— Jean-Claude Halgand

(1944, Moulins-la-Marche, FR) studied at the École d’Art du Havre, the École Supérieure des Beaux Arts, Valenciennes, and the École Nationale Supérieure des Beaux-Arts, Paris, as well as information sciences at the University of Vincennes, now University of Paris VIII. 1969 founding member of the Groupe Art et Informatique de Vincennes. He lives in Aix-en-Provence, FR.
Exhib. and lit.: See: Groupe Art et Informatique de Vincennes (GAIV).

— Jens Harke

(1944, Hamburg, DE) studied at the Werkkunstschule in Hamburg. He worked as an art director for Hanseatische Werbeagentur, Hamburg.

— Leon D. Harmon

(1922, [–], USA – 1982, [–], USA) started his career as a radio serviceman and electronics hobbyist. From 1950 worked at the Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton, NJ. 1956 joined Bell Laboratories and worked in the department of neurophysiology. 1966, Harmon and Kenneth C. Knowlton began their collaboration on computer graphics.
Exhib.: 1967, Computer Art and Animation, Stable Gallery, Montreal Museum of Fine Arts. 1968,

The Machine as Seen at the End of the Mechanical Age, The Museum of Modern Art, New York. 1968, Some More Beginnings, Brooklyn Museum, New York.
Lit.: L. D. H. and Kenneth C. Knowlton, “Computer-Generated Pictures,” in: Jasia Reichardt (ed.), Cybernetic Serendipity, London, 1968, pp. 86–87. A. J. Goldstein, L. D. H., and Ann B. Lesk. “Identification of Human Faces,” in: Proceedings of the IEEE, vol. 59, no. 5, 1971, pp. 748–760.

— John Gabriel Harries

(1928, [–], UK) studied dance and movement notation. 1956–1957 worked in Paris and 1967–1968 in Israel.

— Axel Heibel

(1943, Oberlahnstein, DE) studied at the Werkkunstschule in Offenbach (1967–1968) and at the Hochschule für bildende Künste Hamburg (1968–1972). 1991–1993 teaching assignment, Fachhochschule Düsselsdorf. He lives in Düsseldorf, DE.
Exhib.: 1968, public eye, Kunsthaus Hamburg.

— Grace C. Hertlein

(1924, Chicago, IL, USA) studied at the School of the Art Institute of Chicago (1961–1965) and sculpture at Chico State College (B.F.A. 1968 and M.F.A. 1970). 1970–1998 professor at the department of computer science, California State University, Chico. 1974–1976 art editor of the journal Computers and People (formerly Computers and Automation), 1976–1982 editor of the yearbook Computer Graphics and Art. She lives in Chico, CA, USA.
Exhib.: 1969, exhibition at the “Fall Joint Computer Conference,” Las Vegas, NV. 1970, Data Designs, State University of New York, Brockport, NY. 1970, Computer Graphics 70, Brunel University, Uxbridge.
Lit.: G. H., Computer-Aided Graphics in Dimensional Form, M.A. thesis, Chico, CA, 1970. G. H. “An Artist Views Discovery Through Computer-Aided Graphics,” in: Computers and Automation, August 1970, pp. 25–26.

— Francis R. Hewitt

(1936, Rutland, VT, USA – 1992, Burlington, VT, USA) received drawing instruction from the painter Stuart Eldredge (1948–1954). He studied at the Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA (1954–1958, B.F.A. 1958) and art history at Oberlin College, Oberlin, OH (1958–1960, M.A. 1960). 1960–1971 member of Anonima Group. 1960–1964 faculty member of the Cleveland Institute of Art. 1962–1965 pursued coursework towards Ph.D. in aesthetics and art history at Case Western Reserve University,  Cleveland. 1966/1967 taught at the Pratt Institute, Brooklyn, 1965–1970 at Cooper Union, New York, and 1970–1992 at the University of Vermont.
Exhib. and lit.: See: Anonima Group.

— Jiří Hilmar

(1936, Hradec Králové, today CZ) studied at the Vysoká škola uměleckoprůmyslová v Praze, Prague (1952–1956). 1967 founding member of the Klub konkrétistů. 1969 moved to Germany. 1994 teaching assignment, University of Valparaiso, Chile. He lives in Gelsenkirchen, DE.

— Josef Hlaváček

(1934, Louny, today CZ – 2008, Prague, CZ) studied aesthetics and art history at the Faculty of Philosophy, Charles University in Prague. 1968–1970 worked at the Institute of Philosophy, Czechoslovak Academy of Sciences. 1970 dismissed for political reasons. 1970–1989 worked in various “blue-collar” professions. 1990/1991 director of the department of fine arts, State Secretary for Culture of the Czech Republic. 1992 founder of Galerie 60/70. 1994–2000 director and professor at the Vysoká škola uměleckoprůmyslová v Praze, Prague.
Lit.: J. H., “Nad jedním obrazem,” in: Tvář, 5/6, 1964, pp. 42–43. J. H., “Obrazy Zdeňka Sýkory a op art,” in: Dialog, 5, 1966, pp. 30–32. Jiri Kolář, Miroslav Houra, and J. H., Návod k upotřebení (1965), Most, 1969.

— Miljenko Horvat

(1935, Varaždin, today HR) studied architecture at the University of Zagreb (1960). 1959–1966 member of Gorgona. 1962–1966 lived in Paris. He moved to Montreal, CA, in the 1960s, where he still lives. 1970 first experiments in computer visual research in art.
Exhib.: 1961, Biennale des jeunes artistes, Paris. 1971, Computer Art Exhibition, Toronto. See also: Gorgona.
Lit.: M. H., 5 sérigraphies, Montreal, 1971. See also: Gorgona.

— Vera Horvat-Pintarić

(1926, Sisak, today HR) studied art history and archaeology at the University of Zagreb (grad. 1951, Ph.D. 1959). 1951 assistant in the department of art history, University of Zagreb; 1962 senior lecturer, 1967 associate professor, and 1974–1999 full professor. 1967 founded chair of visual communications and design, University of Zagreb. Member of the editorial board and co-founder of bit international magazine. Editor of bit issues the word image (1969) and television today (1971). Member of the editorial board of Europa letteraria (1963–1977) and Nuova rivista europea (1978 1988). Author of educational programs on art within the educational program of Zagreb Television (1966–1977, 1986).
Lit.: V. H.-P., Vjenceslav Richter, Zagreb, 1970. V. H.-P., “Ikonika i optika Miroslava Šuteja,” in: Umetnost, 2, 1965, pp. 81–89. V. H.-P., “Vizualna kultura i problemi vizualnih komunikacija,” in: Praxis, 4/6, 1966, pp. 639–643.

— Dee Hudson

(1941, [–] – 1985, Santa Barbara, CA, USA) joined the Navy after junior college and worked in the computer industry from 1965. He was employed by California Computer Products (CalComp). Studied anthropology at Long Beach State University (B.A. 1970) and at Arizona State University (1970–1974, Ph.D. 1974). From 1973 worked as a curator for the Santa Barbara Museum of Natural History anthropology department.
Lit.: D. H., “CalComp Quality Doesn’t Just ‘Happen,’” in: CalCompiler, vol. 1, no. 10, 1970, p. 2.

— Tom Hudson

(1922, Horden, UK – 1997, Bristol, UK) studied at Sunderland School of Art. He taught at King’s College, Newcastle, and at the Courtauld Institute of Art, London. Head of foundation studies at the University of Leicester. 1964–1977 director of studies, University of Cardiff. 1977–1987 dean of instruction at Vancouver School of Art and the Emily Carr College of Art.

— Douglas Huebler

(1924, Ann Arbor, MI, USA – 1997, Truro, MA, USA) studied at the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor (B.S. 1952 and M.A. 1955), at the Cleveland School of Art (1948), and at the Académie Julian in Paris (1948). He also taught at the California Institute of the Arts, Valencia, CA, USA.
Exhib.: 1971, At the Moment, Frankopanska 2a, Zagreb. 1972, documenta 5, Kassel.

— Hervé Huitric

(1945, Paris, FR) studied at the École Nationale Supérieure des Beaux-Arts, Paris (grad. 1969) and computer science at the University of Vincennes, now University of Paris VIII (M.A. 1973, Ph.D. 1980). 1969 founding member of the Groupe Art et Informatique de Vincennes. Professor at the University of Vincennes. Collaboration with Monique Nahas. He lives in Nogent-sur-Marne, FR.

— Gordon Hyde

[–] was a member of the Computer Arts Society, London.
Lit.: G. H. “A New Sort of Computer?,” in: PAGE, 11, October 1970, n. p.