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— Monique Nahas

(1940, Paris, FR) studied physics at the Paris-Sorbonne University (1963 Ph.D., University of Orsay). Member of the Groupe Art et Informatiquede Vincennes. She collaborates with Hervé Huitric and lives in Nogent-sur-Marne, FR.
Exhib. and lit.: See: Groupe Art et Informatique de Vincennes (GAIV).

— Frieder Nake

(1938, Stuttgart, DE) studied mathematics at the Technische Hochschule Stuttgart and attended the lectures of Max Bense. 1963 first artistic experiments with the plotter ZUSE Z64 Graphomat at the university’s computer center. 1968/1969 visiting researcher in computer art at the University of Toronto and collaboration with Leslie Mezei. 1970–1972 assistant professor of computer science at the University of British Columbia, Vancouver. From 1972 professor of computer science at the University of Bremen, and since 2006 at the Hochschule für Künste Bremen. He lives in Bremen, DE.
Exhib.: 1965, Computer-Grafik Programme, Galerie Wendelin Niedlich, Bücherdienst Eggert, Stuttgart. 1966, Herstellung von zeichnerischen Darstellungen, Tonfolgen und Texten mit elektronischen Rechenanlagen, Deutsches Rechenzentrum, Darmstadt. 1968, Cybernetic Serendipity, Institute of Contemporary Arts, London. 1970, Venice Biennale.
Lit.: F. N., “Bemerkungen zur Programmierung von Computer-Grafiken,” in: DRZ Programm Information PI-21, Darmstadt, 1966, pp. 3–34. F. N., “Computer-Grafik,” in: exakte ästhetik, 5, 1967, pp. 21–32. F. N., Ästhetik der Informationsverarbeitung. Grundlagen und Anwendungen der Informatik im Bereich ästhetischer Produktion und Kritik, Vienna, 1974.

— Maurizio Nannucci

(1939, Florence, IT) studied painting in Florence and Berlin (1959–1961). 1965–1969 worked at the Studio di Fonologia Musicale (S2FM) in Florence. 1967–1970 member, with Lanfranco Baldi and Auro Lecci, of the Centro Ricerche Estetiche F uno. He lives in Florence and Munich, DE.

— Georg Nees

(1926, Nuremberg, DE) studied mathematics, physics, and philosophy at the University of Erlangen and the Technische Hochschule Stuttgart under Max Bense (Ph.D. 1969). Doctoral dissertation Generative Computergraphik was the first Ph.D. thesis in the field of computer art. 1969–1973 collaboration with Ludwig Rase. 1977 honorary professor of applied informatics at the University of Erlangen. He lives in Erlangen, DE.
Exhib.: 1965, computer-grafik, Institut für Philosophie und Wissenschaftstheorie, Technische Hochschule Stuttgart. 1968, computer graphic, Dům umění města Brna, Brno. 1968, Cybernetic Serendipity, Institute of Contemporary Arts, London. 1970, Venice Biennale.
Lit.: G. N., “Statistische Graphik,” in: Grundlagenstudien aus Kybernetik und Geisteswissenschaft, vol. 5, no. 3/4, December 1964, pp. 67–78. G. N., “Variationen von Figuren in der  Graphik,” in: Grundlagenstudien aus Kybernetik und Geisteswissenschaft, vol. 5, no. 3/4, December 1964, pp. 121 125. G. N., Generative Computergraphik, Berlin, 1969.

— Pierre-Louis Neumann

([–]) was a member of the Groupe Art et Informatique de Vincennes.
Exhib.: See: Groupe Art et Informatique de Vincennes (GAIV).
Lit.: P.-L. N., “Definition d’un espace compréhensible,” in: Artinfo-Musinfo, 14, 1973, pp. 15–26.

— A. Michael Noll

(1939, [–], USA) studied electrical engineering at the Newark College of Engineering (B.S. 1961), New York University (M.S. 1963), and the Polytechnic Institute of Brooklyn (Ph.D. 1961) in New York. 1961 started to work for Bell Laboratories. Professor emeritus of the University of Southern California Annenberg School for Communication. He lives in Stirling, NJ.
Exhib.: 1965, Computer-Generated Pictures, Howard Wise Gallery, New York. 1968, Cybernetic Serendipity, Institute of Contemporary Arts, London. 1970, Generación automática de formas plásticas, computer center of the University of Madrid.
Lit.: A. M. N., “Patterns by 7090,” in: Bell Telephone Laboratories Technical Memorandum, MM 1234-14, August 28, 1962. A. M. N., “Computer-Generated Three-Dimensional Movies,” in Computers and Automation, vol. 14, no. 11, November 1965, pp. 20–23. A. M. N., “Human or Machine. A Subjective Comparison of Piet Mondrian’s ‘Composition with Lines’ and a Computer Generated Picture,” in: The Psychological Record, vol. 16, no. 1, January 1966.

— Koloman Novak

(1933, Dubrovnik, today HR) studied at the Škola primijenjenih umjetnosti (1950–1955) and the Akademija primenjenih umetnosti, Belgrade (1955–1959). 1966–1971 lived in Vienna, 1996–1998 in London. He lives in Belgrade, RS.
Exhib.: 1973, De consequenties van de machine, Museum Boijmans Van Beuningen, Rotterdam.

— Computer center of the Boris Kidrič Institute of Nuclear Sciences

The Vinča Institute of Nuclear Sciences is situated near Belgrade. It was founded in 1948 as Institute of Physics and renamed Boris Kidrič Institute of Nuclear Sciences in 1953. Since 1992 it is called Vinča Institute of Nuclear Sciences. Employees of the institute participated in tendencije 4. kompjuteri i vizuelna istraživanja / tendencies 4. computers and visual research.

— Lev V. Nusberg

(1937, Tashkent, today UZ – 1992, Orange, CT, USA) studied at the USSR Academy of Arts (1951–1958). 1962 founder of Dviženije. 1972 Dviženije disbanded, and Nusberg founded the group Dynamik in Leningrad. 1976 emigrated to the USA and lived in Orange.
Exhib.: 1968, documenta 4, Kassel. 1972, documenta 5, Kassel. See also: Dviženije.
Lit.: See: Dviženije.